• US NRC Regulations

    • Tritium Exit Signs

      EXIT signs that glow in the dark often contain a radioactive gas called tritium. These signs do not require electricity or batteries and can be used where it is hard to install electric signs, such as above doors. They serve an important safety function by marking exits to be used during power outages and emergencies. The signs pose little or no threat to public health and safety or security.

      Use of Tritium in Exit Signs

      Tritium, also known as 3H or H-3, is a radioactive isotope of hydrogen. In EXIT signs the gas is contained in sealed glass tubes lined with a light-emitting compound. The tritium gives off low-energy beta radiation that causes the lining to glow. This type of radiation cannot penetrate a sheet of paper or clothing. If inhaled, it leaves the body relatively quickly. Tritium gas is odorless, colorless and tasteless, and is lighter than air.

      There are a couple ways to know whether an EXIT sign contains tritium. When the lights are off, tritium will make the word EXIT glow green or red. The sign should also have a permanent warning label that mentions tritium, 3H or H-3; displays the three-bladed radiation warning symbol; and states “Caution-Radioactive Materials.” If all four letters in EXIT are fully lit, the sign is working properly. If not, the sign may be damaged or have reached the end of its working life.

      Many kinds of facilities across the United States use tritium EXIT signs, including public and private office buildings, theaters, stores, schools and churches. The NRC estimates there are more than two million tritium EXIT signs in use in the United States.

      Regulatory Requirements

      Manufacturers and distributors of tritium EXIT signs are “specific licensees,” meaning they must apply for and receive a radioactive materials license from the NRC or an Agreement State.i Facilities that use tritium EXIT signs are considered “general licensees,” meaning they do not need a specific license to use the signs. The signs, considered “generally licensed devices,” are designed to be inherently safe so they can be used without the need for radiation training.

      But the signs are still subject to certain regulatory requirements.ii Most important is the requirement for proper disposal, because a damaged sign could contaminate the immediate area and require expensive cleanup. Manufacturers and distributors must notify purchasers of the requirements for generally licensed devices. The general licensee must put one person in charge of meeting those requirements. The general licensee must also report any changes affecting a device or the person responsible for it. General licensees may be inspected by the NRC or an Agreement State and may face penalties for violating the regulations.

      • Under NRC regulations, a general licensee using a tritium EXIT sign must:
      • NOT remove the labeling or radioactive symbol or abandon the sign;
      • properly dispose of an unwanted sign (see below);
      • report to the NRC or appropriate Agreement State any lost, stolen or broken sign;
      • inform the NRC or Agreement State of changes to the name or address of the general licensee or the person in charge of complying with the regulations;
      • NOT give away or sell the sign unless it is to remain in use at its original location; in such a case, the general licensee making the transfer must give the new owner a copy of the regulations and report the transfer to the NRC or Agreement State within 30 days.

      Tritium EXIT signs must NOT be disposed of as normal trash. To dispose of a sign properly, a general licensee must transfer the sign to a specific licensee—such as a manufacturer, distributor, licensed radioactive waste broker, or licensed low-level radioactive waste disposal facility. These facilities may charge a fee for disposing of the sign.

      Within 30 days of disposing of a sign, the general licensee must file a report to the NRC or Agreement State. More information about the regulatory requirements for tritium exit signs can be found at 10 CFR Part 31.5.

      September 2013

      Non-Emergency

      Including any concern involving a nuclear reactor, nuclear fuel facility, or radioactive materials.

      You may send an e-mail to Allegations. However, because e-mail transmission may not be completely secure, if you are concerned about protecting your identity it is preferable that you contact us by phone or in person. You may contact any NRC employee (including a resident inspector) or call:

      NRC's Toll-Free Safety Hotline:
      (800) 695-7403

      Note: Calls to this number are not recorded between the hours of 7:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time. However, calls received outside these hours are answered by the Incident Response Operations Center on a recorded line.

      Some materials and activities are regulated by Agreement States and States: Learn more about Non-Emergency Concerns Involving Agreement States and States.

      Learn more about NRC's Response to Non-Emergency Safety Concerns.

      Emergency

      Involving a nuclear facility or radioactive materials, including

      • Any accident involving a nuclear reactor, nuclear fuel facility, or radioactive materials, or
      • Lost or damaged radioactive materials, or
      • Any threat, theft, smuggling, vandalism, or terrorist activity involving a nuclear facility or radioactive materials.

      Call NRC's 24-Hour
      Headquarters Operations Center:
      (301) 816-5100

      We accept collect calls.
      Note: Calls to this number are recorded.

      Learn more about NRC's Emergency Response Activities.


      31.5 Certain detecting, measuring, gauging, or controlling devices and certain devices for producing light or an ionized atmosphere

      (a) A general license is hereby issued to commercial and industrial firms and research, educational and medical institutions, individuals in the conduct of their business, and Federal, State or local government agencies to acquire, receive, possess, use or transfer, in accordance with the provisions of paragraphs (b), (c) and (d) of this section, byproduct material contained in devices designed and manufactured for the purpose of detecting, measuring, gauging or controlling thickness, density, level, interface location, radiation, leakage, or qualitative or quantitative chemical composition, or for producing light or an ionized atmosphere.

      (b)(1) The general license in paragraph (a) of this section applies only to byproduct material contained in devices which have been manufactured or initially transferred and labeled in accordance with the specifications contained in—

      (i) A specific license issued under § 32.51 of this chapter; or

      (ii) An equivalent specific license issued by an Agreement State; or

      (iii) An equivalent specific license issued by a State with provisions comparable to § 32.51 of this chapter.

      (2) The devices must have been received from one of the specific licensees described in paragraph (b)(1) of this section or through a transfer made under paragraph (c)(9) of this section.

      (c) Any person who acquires, receives, possesses, uses or transfers byproduct material in a device pursuant to the general license in paragraph (a) of this section:

      (1) Shall assure that all labels affixed to the device at the time of receipt and bearing a statement that removal of the label is prohibited are maintained thereon and shall comply with all instructions and precautions provided by such labels;

      (2) Shall assure that the device is tested for leakage of radioactive material and proper operation of the on-off mechanism and indicator, if any, at no longer than six-month intervals or at such other intervals as are specified in the label; however:

      (i) Devices containing only krypton need not be tested for leakage of radioactive material, and

      (ii) Devices containing only tritium or not more than 100 microcuries of other beta and/or gamma emitting material or 10 microcuries of alpha emitting material and devices held in storage in the original shipping container prior to initial installation need not be tested for any purpose;

      (3) Shall assure that the tests required by paragraph (c)(2) of this section and other testing, installation, servicing, and removal from installation involving the radioactive materials, its shielding or containment, are performed:

      (i) In accordance with the instructions provided by the labels; or

      (ii) By a person holding a specific license pursuant to parts 30 and 32 of this chapter or from an Agreement State to perform such activities;

      (4) Shall maintain records showing compliance with the requirements of paragraphs (c)(2) and (c)(3) of this section. The records must show the results of tests. The records also must show the dates of performance of, and the names of persons performing, testing, installing, servicing, and removing from the installation radioactive material and its shielding or containment. The licensee shall retain these records as follows:

      (i) Each record of a test for leakage or radioactive material required by paragraph (c)(2) of this section must be retained for three years after the next required leak test is performed or until the sealed source is transferred or disposed of.

      (ii) Each record of a test of the on-off mechanism and indicator required by paragraph (c)(2) of this section must be retained for three years after the next required test of the on-off mechanism and indicator is performed or until the sealed source is transferred or disposed of.

      (iii) Each record that is required by paragraph (c)(3) of this section must be retained for three years from the date of the recorded event or until the device is transferred or disposed of.

      (5) Shall immediately suspend operation of the device if there is a failure of, or damage to, or any indication of a possible failure of or damage to, the shielding of the radioactive material or the on-off mechanism or indicator, or upon the detection of 185 bequerel (0.005 microcurie) or more removable radioactive material. The device may not be operated until it has been repaired by the manufacturer or other person holding a specific license to repair such devices that was issued under parts 30 and 32 of this chapter or by an Agreement State. The device and any radioactive material from the device may only be disposed of by transfer to a person authorized by a specific license to receive the byproduct material in the device or as otherwise approved by the Commission. A report containing a brief description of the event and the remedial action taken; and, in the case of detection of 0.005 microcurie or more removable radioactive material or failure of or damage to a source likely to result in contamination of the premises or the environs, a plan for ensuring that the premises and environs are acceptabble for unrestricted use, must be furnished to the Director, Office of Federal and State Materials and Environmental Management Programs, ATTN: GLTS, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555–0001 within 30 days. Under these circumstances, the criteria set out in § 20.1402 of this chapter, "Radiological criteria for unrestricted use," may be applicable, as determined by the Commission on a case-by-case basis;

      (6) Shall not abandon the device containing byproduct material;

      (7) Shall not export the device containing byproduct material except in accordance with part 110 of this chapter;

      (8)(i) Shall transfer or dispose of the device containing byproduct material only by export as provided by paragraph (c)(7) of this section, by transfer to another general licensee as authorized in paragraph (c)(9) of this section, or to a person authorized to receive the device by a specific license issued under parts 30 and 32 of this chapter, or part 30 of this chapter that authorizes waste collection, or equivalent regulations of an Agreement State, or as otherwise approved under paragraph (c)(8)(iii) of this section.

      (ii) Shall, within 30 days after the transfer of a device to a specific licensee or export, furnish a report to the Director, Office of Federal and State Materials and Environmental Management Programs, ATTN: Document Control Desk/GLTS, using an appropriate method listed in § 30.6(a) of this chapter. The report must contain—

      (A) The identification of the device by manufacturer's (or initial transferor's) name, model number, and serial number;

      (B) The name, address, and license number of the person receiving the device (license number not applicable if exported); and

      (C) The date of the transfer.

      (iii) Shall obtain written NRC approval before transferring the device to any other specific licensee not specifically identified in paragraph (c)(8)(i) of this section; however, a holder of a specific license may transfer a device for possession and use under its own specific license without prior approval, if, the holder:

      (A) Verifies that the specific license authorizes the possession and use, or applies for and obtains an amendment to the license authorizing the possession and use;

      (B) Removes, alters, covers, or clearly and unambiguously augments the existing label (otherwise required by paragraph (c)(1) of this section) so that the device is labeled in compliance with § 20.1904 of this chapter; however the manufacturer, model number, and serial number must be retained;

      (C) Obtains the manufacturer's or initial transferor's information concerning maintenance that would be applicable under the specific license (such as leak testing procedures); and

      (D) Reports the transfer under paragraph (c)(8)(ii) of this section.

      (9) Shall transfer the device to another general licensee only if—

      (i) The device remains in use at a particular location. In this case, the transferor shall give the transferee a copy of this section, a copy of § 31.2, 30.51, 20.2201, and 20.2202 of this chapter, and any safety documents identified in the label of the device. Within 30 days of the transfer, the transferor shall report to the Director, Office of Federal and State Materials and Environmental Management Programs, ATTN: Document Control Desk/GLTS, using an appropriate method listed in § 30.6(a) of this chapter—

      (A) The manufacturer's (or initial transferor's) name;

      (B) The model number and the serial number of the device transferred;

      (C) The transferee's name and mailing address for the location of use; and

      (D) The name, title, and phone number of the responsible individual identified by the transferee in accordance with paragraph (c)(12) of this section to have knowledge of and authority to take actions to ensure compliance with the appropriate regulations and requirements; or

      (ii) The device is held in storage by an intermediate person in the original shipping container at its intended location of use prior to initial use by a general licensee.

      (10) Shall comply with the provisions of §§ 20.2201, and 20.2202 of this chapter for reporting radiation incidents, theft or loss of licensed material, but shall be exempt from the other requirements of parts 19, 20, and 21, of this chapter.

      (11) Shall respond to written requests from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to provide information relating to the general license within 30 calendar days of the date of the request, or other time specified in the request. If the general licensee cannot provide the requested information within the allotted time, it shall, within that same time period, request a longer period to supply the information by providing the Director, Office of Federal and State Materials and Environmental Management Programs, by an appropriate method listed in § 30.6(a) of this chapter, a written justification for the request.

      (12) Shall appoint an individual responsible for having knowledge of the appropriate regulations and requirements and the authority for taking required actions to comply with appropriate regulations and requirements. The general licensee, through this individual, shall ensure the day-to-day compliance with appropriate regulations and requirements. This appointment does not relieve the general licensee of any of its responsibility in this regard.

      (13)(i) Shall register, in accordance with paragraphs (c)(13)(ii) and (iii) of this section, devices containing at least 370 megabecquerels (10 millicuries) of cesium-137, 3.7 megabecquerels (0.1 millicurie) of strontium-90, 37 megabecquerels (1 millicurie) of cobalt-60, 3.7 megabecquerels (0.1 millicurie) of radium-226, or 37 megabecquerels (1 millicurie) of americium-241 or any other transuranic (i.e., element with atomic number greater than uranium (92)), based on the activity indicated on the label. Each address for a location of use, as described under paragraph (c)(13)(iii)(D) of this section, represents a separate general licensee and requires a separate registration and fee.

      (ii) If in possession of a device meeting the criteria of paragraph (c)(13)(i) of this section, shall register these devices annually with the Commission and shall pay the fee required by Sec. 170.31 of this chapter. Registration must be done by verifying, correcting, and/or adding to the information provided in a request for registration received from the Commission. The registration information must be submitted to the NRC within 30 days of the date of the request for registration or as otherwise indicated in the request. In addition, a general licensee holding devices meeting the criteria of paragraph (c)(13)(i) of this section is subject to the bankruptcy notification requirement in § 30.34(h) of this chapter.

      (iii) In registering devices, the general licensee shall furnish the following information and any other information specifically requested by the Commission—

      (A) Name and mailing address of the general licensee.

      (B) Information about each device: the manufacturer (or initial transferor), model number, serial number, the radioisotope and activity (as indicated on the label).

      (C) Name, title, and telephone number of the responsible person designated as a representative of the general licensee under paragraph (c)(12) of this section.

      (D) Address or location at which the device(s) are used and/or stored. For portabble devices, the address of the primary place of storage.

      (E) Certification by the responsible representative of the general licensee that the information concerning the device(s) has been verified through a physical inventory and checking of label information.

      (F) Certification by the responsible representative of the general licensee that they are aware of the requirements of the general license.

      (iv) Persons generally licensed by an Agreement State with respect to devices meeting the criteria in paragraph (c)(13)(i) of this section are not subject to registration requirements if the devices are used in areas subject to NRC jurisdiction for a period less than 180 days in any calendar year. The Commission will not request registration information from such licensees.

      (14) Shall report changes to the mailing address for the location of use (including change in name of general licensee) to the Director, Office of Federal and State Materials and Environmental Management Programs, ATTN: GLTS, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555–0001 within 30 days of the effective date of the change. For a portabble device, a report of address change is only required for a change in the device's primary place of storage.

      (15) May not hold devices that are not in use for longer than 2 years. If devices with shutters are not being used, the shutter must be locked in the closed position. The testing required by paragraph (c)(2) of this section need not be performed during the period of storage only. However, when devices are put back into service or transferred to another person, and have not been tested within the required test interval, they must be tested for leakage before use or transfer and the shutter tested before use. Devices kept in standby for future use are excluded from the two-year time limit if the general licensee performs quarterly physical inventories of these devices while they are in standby.

      (d) The general license in paragraph (a) of this section does not authorize the manufacture or import of devices containing byproduct material.

      [39 FR 43532, Dec. 16, 1974, as amended at 40 FR 8785, Mar. 3, 1975; 40 FR 14085, Mar. 28, 1975; 42 FR 25721, May 19, 1977; 42 FR 28896, June 6, 1977; 43 FR 6922, Feb. 17, 1978; 53 FR 19246, May 27, 1988; 56 FR 23471, May 21, 1991; 56 FR 61352, Dec. 3, 1991; 58 FR 67659, Dec. 22, 1993; 64 FR 42275, Aug. 4, 1999; 65 FR 79188, Dec. 18, 2000; 68 FR 58804, Oct. 10, 2003; 72 FR 55926, Oct. 1, 2007; 72 FR 58486, Oct. 16, 2007; 73 FR 5718, Jan. 31, 2008; 73 FR 42673, July 23, 2008]

      5 Persons possessing byproduct material in devices under a general license in § 31.5 before January 15, 1975, may continue to possess, use, or transfer that material in accordance with the labeling requirements of § 31.5 in effect on January 14, 1975.

      30.6 Communications.

      (a) Unless otherwise specified or covered under the regional licensing program as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, any communication or report concerning the regulations in parts 30 through 37 and 39 of this chapter and any application filed under these regulations may be submitted to the Commission as follows:

      (1) By mail addressed: ATTN: Document Control Desk, Director, Office of Federal and State Materials and Environmental Management Programs, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555–0001.

      (2) By hand delivery to the NRC’s offices at 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland.

      (3) Where practicable, by electronic submission, for example, via Electronic Information Exchange, or CD–ROM. Electronic submissions must be made in a manner that enables the NRC to receive, read, authenticate, distribute, and archive the submission, and process and retrieve it a single page at a time. Detailed guidance on making electronic submissions can be obtained by visiting the NRC ’s Web site at http://www.nrc.gov/site-help/e-submittals.html; by e-mail to MSHD.Resource@nrc.gov; or by writing the Office of Information Services, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555–0001. The guidance discusses, among other topics, the formats the NRC can accept, the use of electronic signatures, and the treatment of nonpublic information.

      (b) The Commission has delegated to the four Regional Administrators licensing authority for selected parts of its decentralized licensing program for nuclear materials as described in paragraph (b)(1) of this section. Any communication, report, or application covered under this licensing program must be submitted to the appropriate Regional Administrator. The Administrators’ jurisdictions and mailing addresses are listed in paragraph (b)(2) of this section.

      (1) The delegated licensing program includes authority to issue, renew, amend, cancel, modify, suspend, or revoke licenses for nuclear materials issued pursuant to 10 CFR parts 30 through 36, 39, 40, and 70 to all persons for academic, medical, and industrial uses, with the following exceptions:

      (i) Activities in the fuel cycle and special nuclear material in quantities sufficient to constitute a critical mass in any room or area. This exception does not apply to license modifications relating to termination of special nuclear material licenses that authorize possession of larger quantities when the case is referred for action from NRC's Headquarters to the Regional Administrators.

      (ii) Health and safety design review of sealed sources and devices and approval, for licensing purposes, of sealed sources and devices.

      (iii) Processing of source material for extracting of metallic compounds (including Zirconium, Hafnium, Tantalum, Titanium, Niobium, etc.).

      (iv) Distribution of products containing radioactive material under §§ 32.11 through 32.30 and 40.52 of this chapter to persons exempt from licensing requirements.

      (v) New uses or techniques for use of byproducts, source, or special nuclear material.

      (2) Submissions. (i) Region I. The regional licensing program involves all Federal facilities in the region and non- Federal licensees in the following Region I non-Agreement States and the District of Columbia: Connecticut, Delaware, and Vermont. All mailed or hand-delivered inquiries, communications, and applications for a new license or an amendment, renewal, or termination request of an existing license specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section must use the following address: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Region I, Nuclear Material Section B, Region I, 2100 Renaissance Boulevard, Suite 100, King of Prussia, PA 19406–2713; where email is appropriate it should be addressed to RidsRgn1MailCenter.Resource@nrc.gov.

      (ii) Region II. The regional licensing program involves all Federal facilities in the region and non-Federal licensees in the following Region II non-Agreement States and territories: West Virginia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. All mailed or hand-delivered inquiries, communications, and applications for a new license or an amendment, renewal, or termination request of an existing license specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section must use the following address: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Region I, Nuclear Material Section B, Region I, 2100 Renaissance Boulevard, Suite 100, King of Prussia, PA 19406–2713; where email is appropriate it should be addressed to RidsRgn1MailCenter.Resource@nrc.gov.

      (iii) Region III. (A) The regional licensing program for mining and milling involves all Federal facilities in the region, and non-Federal licensees in the Region III non-Agreement States of Indiana, Michigan, Missouri and the Region III Agreement States of Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Iowa. All mailed or hand-delivered inquiries, communications, and applications for a new license or an amendment, renewal, or termination request of an existing license specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section must use the following address: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Region III, Material Licensing Section, 2443 Warrenville Road, Suite 210, Lisle, IL 60532 –4352; where e-mail is appropriate it should be addressed to RidsRgn3MailCenter.Resource@nrc.gov.

      (B) Otherwise, the regional licensing program involves all Federal facilities in the region and non-Federal licensees in the Region III non-Agreement States of Indiana, Michigan, and Missouri. All mailed or hand-delivered inquiries, communications, and applications for a new license or an amendment, renewal, or termination request of an existing license specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section must use the following address: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Region III, Material Licensing Section, 2443 Warrenville Road, Suite 210, Lisle, IL 60532–4352; where e-mail is appropriate it should be addressed to RidsRgn3MailCenter.Resource@nrc.gov.

      (iv) Region IV. (A) The regional licensing program for mining and milling involves all Federal facilities in the region, and non-Federal licensees in the Region IV non-Agreement States and territory of Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, South Dakota, Wyoming and Guam and Region IV Agreement States of Oregon, California, Nevada, New Mexico, Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, and North Dakota. All mailed or hand-delivered inquiries, communications, and applications for a new license or an amendment, renewal, or termination request of an existing license specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section must use the following address: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Region IV, Division of Nuclear Materials Safety, 1600 E. Lamar Blvd., Arlington, TX 76011–4511; where email is appropriate, it should be addressed to RidsRgn4MailCenter.Resource@nrc.gov.

      (B) Otherwise, the regional licensing program involves all Federal facilities in the region and non-Federal licensees in the following Region IV non-Agreement States and territory: Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, South Dakota, Wyoming, and Guam. All mailed or hand- delivered inquiries, communications, and applications for a new license or an amendment, renewal, or termination request of an existing license specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section must use the following address: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Region IV, Division of Nuclear Materials Safety, 1600 E. Lamar Blvd., Arlington, TX 76011–4511; where email is appropriate, it should be addressed to RidsRgn4MailCenter.Resource@nrc.gov.

      [48 FR 16031, Apr. 14, 1983, as amended at 49 FR 19630, May 9, 1984; 49 FR 47824, Dec. 7, 1984; 50 FR 14693, Apr. 11, 1985; 51 FR 36000, Oct. 8, 1986; 52 FR 8241, Mar. 17, 1987; 52 FR 38392, Oct. 16, 1987; 52 FR 48093, Dec. 18, 1987; 53 FR 3862, Feb. 10, 1988; 53 FR 43420, Oct. 27, 1988; 58 FR 7736, Feb. 9, 1993; 58 FR 64111, Dec. 6, 1993; 59 FR 17465, Apr. 13, 1994; 60 FR 24551, May 9, 1995; 62 FR 22880, Apr. 28, 1997; 68 FR 58803, Oct. 10, 2003; 70 FR 69421, Nov. 16, 2005; 71 FR 15007, Mar. 27, 2006; 72 FR 33386, Jun. 18, 2007; 73 FR 5717, Jan. 31, 2008; 74 FR 62681, Dec. 1, 2009; 75 FR 21980, Apr. 27, 2010; 75 FR 73942, Nov. 30, 2010; 76 FR 72085, Nov. 22, 2011; 77 FR 39905, Jul. 6, 2012; 77 FR 43689, Jul. 25, 2012; 78 FR 17006, Mar. 19, 2013; 78 FR 32338, May 29, 2013]


  • DOT Regulations

    • §173.410   General design requirements.

      In addition to the requirements of subparts A and B of this part, each package used for the shipment of Class 7 (radioactive) materials must be designed so that—

      (a) The package can be easily handled and properly secured in or on a conveyance during transport.

      (b) Each lifting attachment that is a structural part of the package must be designed with a minimum safety factor of three against yielding when used to lift the package in the intended manner, and it must be designed so that failure of any lifting attachment under excessive load would not impair the ability of the package to meet other requirements of this subpart. Any other structural part of the package which could be used to lift the package must be capable of being rendered inoperable for lifting the package during transport or must be designed with strength equivalent to that required for lifting attachments.

      (c) The external surface, as far as practicable, will be free from protruding features and will be easily decontaminated.

      (d) The outer layer of packaging will avoid, as far as practicable, pockets or crevices where water might collect.

      (e) Each feature that is added to the package will not reduce the safety of the package.

      (f) The package will be capable of withstanding the effects of any acceleration, vibration or vibration resonance that may arise under normal conditions of transport without any deterioration in the effectiveness of the closing devices on the various receptacles or in the integrity of the package as a whole and without loosening or unintentionally releasing the nuts, bolts, or other securing devices even after repeated use (see §§173.24, 173.24a, and 173.24b).

      (g) The materials of construction of the packaging and any components or structure will be physically and chemically compatible with each other and with the package tabbscontents. The behavior of the packaging and the package tabbscontents under irradiation will be taken into account.

      (h) All valves through which the package tabbscontents could escape will be protected against unauthorized operation.

      (i) For transport by air—

      (1) The temperature of the accessible surfaces of the package will not exceed 50 °C (122 °F) at an ambient temperature of 38 °C (100 °F) with no account taken for insulation;

      (2) The integrity of containment will not be impaired if the package is exposed to ambient temperatures ranging from −40 °C (−40 °F) to +55 °C (131 °F); and

      (3) Packages containing liquid tabbscontents will be capable of withstanding, without leakage, an internal pressure that produces a pressure differential of not less than 95 kPa (13.8 lb/in2).

      [Amdt. 173-244, 60 FR 50307, Sept. 28, 1995, as amended by Amdt. 173-244, 61 FR 20750, May 8, 1996; 64 FR 51919, Sept. 27, 1999]


      §171.15   Immediate notice of certain hazardous materials incidents.

      (a) General. As soon as practical but no later than 12 hours after the occurrence of any incident described in paragraph (b) of this section, each person in physical possession of the hazardous material must provide notice by telephone to the National Response Center (NRC) on 800-424-8802 (toll free) or 202-267-2675 (toll call) or online at http://www.nrc.uscg.mil. Each notice must include the following information:

      (1) Name of reporter;

      (2) Name and address of person represented by reporter;

      (3) Phone number where reporter can be contacted;

      (4) Date, time, and location of incident;

      (5) The extent of injury, if any;

      (6) Class or division, proper shipping name, and quantity of hazardous materials involved, if such information is available; and

      (7) Type of incident and nature of hazardous material involvement and whether a continuing danger to life exists at the scene.

      (b) Reportabble incident. A telephone report is required whenever any of the following occurs during the course of transportation in commerce (including loading, unloading, and temporary storage):

      (1) As a direct result of a hazardous material—

      (i) A person is killed;

      (ii) A person receives an injury requiring admittance to a hospital;

      (iii) The general public is evacuated for one hour or more;

      (iv) A major transportation artery or facility is closed or shut down for one hour or more; or

      (v) The operational flight pattern or routine of an aircraft is altered;

      (2) Fire, breakage, spillage, or suspected radioactive contamination occurs involving a radioactive material (see also §176.48 of this subchapter);

      (3) Fire, breakage, spillage, or suspected contamination occurs involving an infectious substance other than a regulated medical waste;

      (4) A release of a marine pollutant occurs in a quantity exceeding 450 L (119 gallons) for a liquid or 400 kg (882 pounds) for a solid;

      (5) A situation exists of such a nature (e.g., a continuing danger to life exists at the scene of the incident) that, in the judgment of the person in possession of the hazardous material, it should be reported to the NRC even though it does not meet the criteria of paragraphs (b)(1), (2), (3) or (4) of this section; or

      (6) During transportation by aircraft, a fire, violent rupture, explosion or dangerous evolution of heat (i.e., an amount of heat sufficient to be dangerous to packaging or personal safety to include charring of packaging, melting of packaging, scorching of packaging, or other evidence) occurs as a direct result of a battery or battery-powered device.

      (c) Written report. Each person making a report under this section must also make the report required by §171.16 of this subpart.

      Note to §171.15: Under 40 CFR 302.6, EPA requires persons in charge of facilities (including transport vehicles, vessels, and aircraft) to report any release of a hazardous substance in a quantity equal to or greater than its reportabble quantity, as soon as that person has knowledge of the release, to DOT's National Response Center at (toll free) 800-424-8802 or (toll) 202-267-2675.

      [68 FR 67759, Dec. 3, 2003, as amended at 72 FR 55684, Oct. 1, 2007; 74 FR 2233, Jan. 14, 2009; 74 FR 53186, Oct. 16, 2009; 76 FR 43525, July 20, 2011]

      §171.16   Detailed hazardous materials incident reports.

      (a) General. Each person in physical possession of a hazardous material at the time that any of the following incidents occurs during transportation (including loading, unloading, and temporary storage) must submit a Hazardous Materials Incident Report on DOT Form F 5800.1 (01/2004) within 30 days of discovery of the incident:

      (1) Any of the circumstances set forth in §171.15(b);

      (2) An unintentional release of a hazardous material or the discharge of any quantity of hazardous waste;

      (3) A specification cargo tank with a capacity of 1,000 gallons or greater containing any hazardous material suffers structural damage to the lading retention system or damage that requires repair to a system intended to protect the lading retention system, even if there is no release of hazardous material;

      (4) An undeclared hazardous material is discovered; or

      (5) A fire, violent rupture, explosion or dangerous evolution of heat (i.e., an amount of heat sufficient to be dangerous to packaging or personal safety to include charring of packaging, melting of packaging, scorching of packaging, or other evidence) occurs as a direct result of a battery or battery-powered device.

      (b) Providing and retaining copies of the report. Each person reporting under this section must—

      (1) Submit a written Hazardous Materials Incident Report to the Information Systems Manager, PHH-60, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, Department of Transportation, East Building, 1200 New Jersey Ave., SE., Washington, DC 20590-0001, or an electronic Hazardous Material Incident Report to the Information System Manager, PHH-60, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, Department of Transportation, Washington, DC 20590-0001 at http://hazmat.dot.gov;

      (2) For an incident involving transportation by aircraft, submit a written or electronic copy of the Hazardous Materials Incident Report to the FAA Security Field Office nearest the location of the incident; and

      (3) Retain a written or electronic copy of the Hazardous Materials Incident Report for a period of two years at the reporting person's principal place of business. If the written or electronic Hazardous Materials Incident Report is maintained at other than the reporting person's principal place of business, the report must be made available at the reporting person's principal place of business within 24 hours of a request for the report by an authorized representative or special agent of the Department of Transportation.

      (c) Updating the incident report. A Hazardous Materials Incident Report must be updated within one year of the date of occurrence of the incident whenever:

      (1) A death results from injury caused by a hazardous material;

      (2) There was a misidentification of the hazardous material or package information on a prior incident report;

      (3) Damage, loss or related cost that was not known when the initial incident report was filed becomes known; or

      (4) Damage, loss, or related cost changes by $25,000 or more, or 10% of the prior total estimate, whichever is greater.

      (d) Exceptions. Unless a telephone report is required under the provisions of §171.15 of this part, the requirements of paragraphs (a), (b), and (c) of this section do not apply to the following incidents:

      (1) A release of a minimal amount of material from—

      (i) A vent, for materials for which venting is authorized;

      (ii) The routine operation of a seal, pump, compressor, or valve; or

      (iii) Connection or disconnection of loading or unloading lines, provided that the release does not result in property damage.

      (2) An unintentional release of a hazardous material when:

      (i) The material is—

      (A) A limited quantity material packaged under authorized exceptions in the §172.101 Hazardous Materials tabble of this subchapter excluding Class 7 (radioactive) material; or

      (B) A Packing Group III material in Class or Division 3, 4, 5, 6.1, 8, or 9;

      (ii) The material is released from a package having a capacity of less than 20 liters (5.2 gallons) for liquids or less than 30 kg (66 pounds) for solids;

      (iii) The total amount of material released is less than 20 liters (5.2 gallons) for liquids or less than 30 kg (66 pounds) for solids; and

      (iv) The material is not—

      (A) Offered for transportation or transported by aircraft;

      (B) A hazardous waste; or

      (C) An undeclared hazardous material;

      (3) An undeclared hazardous material discovered in an air passenger's checked or carry-on baggage during the airport screening process. (For discrepancy reporting by carriers, see §175.31 of this subchapter.)

      [68 FR 67759, Dec. 3, 2003; 69 FR 30119, May 26, 2004, as amended at 70 FR 56091, Sept. 23, 2005; 74 FR 2233, Jan. 14, 2009; 76 FR 56311, Sept. 13, 2011; 78 FR 1112, Jan. 7, 2013]






      Excepted Packages (see tabble 3), defined as:

      • Materials (limited quantity)
      • Instruments and articles (item limits)
      • Instruments and articles (package limits)
      • Instruments and manufactured articles are clocks, electronic tubes, or apparatus having radioactive material as a component part.

       

      General Requirements for Packaging
      • Easily and safely handled and transported
      • Strong lifting attachments when necessary
      • Free from protruding features
      • Surface will not retain water
      • Withstand effects of acceleration and vibration
      • Physically and chemically compatible components
      • Temperature range from -40º C. to +55º C.
      UPS Hazardous Materials Online Guide This online guide was developed to assist in the compliant preparation of hazmat / dangerous goods shipments for the UPS parcel system.  As new regulations emerge, UPS will evaluate the impact on our hazmat service offering, and will post updates to this online guide.  Visit this site routinely, as well as the D.O.T. website, to obtain current information that may affect the tendering of hazmat shipments to UPS.

      This guide is meant to accomplish the following:

      • This online UPS Guide for Shipping Ground and Air Hazardous Materials replaces previously printed publications
      • Inform you of chemical additions, deletions, and changes in classification
      • Allow you to download the entire hazardous materials chemical tabble
      • Present information regarding UPS's contract-only hazardous materials service
      • Provide the latest updates required of all shippers who send hazardous materials through UPS
      • Provide information about UPS hazardous materials requirements for shippers, auditors, and UPS personnel
      • Provide an information source for UPS-approved third-party vendors
      Refer to the tabbscontent in the UPS Guide for Shipping Ground and Air Hazardous Materials for the information you will need to properly prepare your shipment for transportation within the UPS system. It is the shipper's responsibility to know the regulations, and to properly classify, package, label and mark shipments tendered into transportation.

      If you have any questions about shipping hazardous materials with UPS, please call the UPS Hazardous Materials Support Center at 1-800-554-9964.




  • Agreement State Info

    • Agreement & Non-Agreement States

      (Click your state for info)

      image

      District of Columbia Maryland Delaware New Jersey Connecticut Rhode Island Massachusetts Virginia West Virginia Maine New Hampshire Vermont New York North Carolina South Carolina Florida Georgia Alabama Mississippi Kentucky Tennessee Pennsylvania Illinois Wisconsin Arizona Ohio Indiana Michigan Missouri Minnesota Hawaii Alaska Texas Utah California New Mexico Nevada Louisiana Arkansas Missouri Iowa Oklahoma Kansas Nebraska South Dakota North Dakota New Mexico Colorado Wyoming Nevada Idaho Montana Oregon Washington

      image

      Agreement States, have entered into agreements with NRC that give them the authority to license and inspect byproduct, source, or special nuclear materials used or possessed within their borders. Any applicant, other than a Federal agency or Federally recognized Indian tribe, who wishes to possess or use licensed material in one of these Agreement States should contact the responsible officials in that State for guidance on preparing an application. These applications should be filed with State officials, not with NRC.

      Click on a given state (or state code listed below) for the names of the Agreement State and Non-Agreement State Directors and State Liaison Officers.

      AL * AK * AR * AZ * CA * CO * CT * DC *DE * FL * GA * GU * HI * IA * ID * IL * IN * KS * KY * LA * MA * MD * ME * MI * MN * MO * MS * MT * NC * ND * NE * NH * NJ * NM * NV * NY * OH * OK * OR * PA * RI * PR * SC * SD * TN * TX * UT * VA * VI * VT * WA * WI * WV * WY

      Other Organizations

      NRC/Federal & State Materials & Environmental Management Directory
      Governor's Designees for Notification of Transport of Nuclear Waste
      Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors, Inc.(CRCPD)
      Organization of Agreement States, Inc.

      Alabama Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer James L. McNees, Director
      Office of Radiation Control
      Alabama Department of Public Health
      201 Monroe Street
      The RSA Tower, Suite 700
      P.O. Box 303017
      Montgomery, AL 36130-3017
      PH (334)206-5391 FX (334)206-5387
      james.mcnees@adph.state.al.us James L. McNees, Acting Director
      Office of Radiation Control
      Alabama Department of Public Health
      201 Monroe Street
      The RSA Tower, Suite 700
      P.O. Box 303017
      Montgomery, AL 36130-3017
      PH (334)206-5391 FX (334)206-5387
      james.mcnees@adph.state.al.us
      Alaska Non-Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Clyde E. Pearce, Chief
      Radiological Health Program
      Section of Laboratories
      State of Alaska/DH&SS
      5455 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Ave
      Anchorage, AK 99507-1270
      PH (907)334-2107 FX (907)334-2161
      clyde_pearce@alaska.gov Marlena Brewer, Environmental Program Specialist IV
      Department of Environmental Conservation
      555 Cordova St.
      Anchorage, Alaska 99501
      PH (907)269-1099 FX (907)269-7600
      marlena.brewer@alaska.gov
      Arizona Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Aubrey V. Godwin, Director
      Arizona Radiation Regulatory Agency
      4814 South 40th Street
      Phoenix, AZ 85040
      PH (602)255-4845 ext. 222
      FX (602)437-0705
      agodwin@azrra.gov Aubrey V. Godwin, Director
      Arizona Radiation Regulatory Agency
      4814 South 40th Street
      Phoenix, AZ 85040
      PH (602)255-4845 ext. 222
      FX (602)437-0705
      agodwin@azrra.gov
      Arkansas Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Bernard Bevill
      AR Department of Health
      Radioactive Control Section
      4815 West Markham, Slot H-30
      Little Rock, AR 72205-3867
      PH (501)661-2301 FX (501)661-2236
      bernard.bevill@arkansas.gov Bernard Bevill,
      AR Department of Health
      Radioactive Control Section
      4815 West Markham, Slot H-30
      Little Rock, AR 72205-3867
      PH (501)661-2301 FX (501)661-2236
      bernard.bevill@arkansas.gov
      California Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Gonzalo Perez, Branch Chief
      Radiologic Health Branch
      Div. of Food, Drug, & Radiation Safety
      CA Dept. of Health Services
      P.O. Box 997414, MS7610
      1500 Capitol Ave., MS 7610
      Sacramento, CA 95899-7414
      PH (916)440-7942 FX (916)341-7224
      gonzalo.perez@cdph.ca.gov Robert Weisenmiller, Chairman
      California Energy Commission
      1516 Ninth Street
      Sacramento, CA 95814
      PH (916)654-5036 FX (916)653-9040)
      robert.weisenmiller@energy.ca.gov
      Colorado Agreement State Directors State Liaison Officer Steve Tarlton, Program Manager
      Hazardous Materials & Waste Management Division
      Department of Public Health and Environment
      4300 Cherry Creek Drive South
      Denver, CO 80246-1530
      PH (303)692-3423 FX (303)759-5355
      steve.tarlton@dphe.state.co.us Steve Tarlton, Unit Leader
      Radiation Management Program, HMWMD-B2
      Hazardous Materials & Waste Management Division
      Dept of Public Health & Environment
      4300 Cherry Creek Drive South
      Denver, CO 80246-1530
      PH (303)692-3423 FX (303)759-5355
      steve.tarlton@dphe.state.co.us
      Connecticut Non-Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Edward L. Wilds, Ph.D., Director
      Radiation Division
      Connecticut Dept. of Energy and Environmental Protection
      79 Elm Street
      Hartford, CT 06106
      PH (860)424-3029 FX (860)424-4065
      edward.wilds@ct.gov Edward L. Wilds, Ph.D., Director
      Radiation Division
      Connecticut Dept. of Energy and Environmental Protection
      79 Elm Street
      Hartford, CT 06106
      PH (860)424-3029 FX (860)424-4065
      edward.wilds@ct.gov
      Delaware Non-Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer

      Frieda Fisher-Tyler, Administrator
      Division of Public Health
      417 Federal St., Jess S. Cooper Bldg.
      Dover, DE 19903
      PH (302)744-4546 FX (302)739-3839
      frieda.Fisher-Tyler@state.de.us

      Frieda Fisher-Tyler, Administrator
      Division of Public Health
      417 Federal St., Jess S. Cooper Bldg.
      Dover, DE 19903
      PH (302)744-4546 FX (302)739-3839
      frieda.Fisher-Tyler@state.de.us
      District of Columbia Non-Agreement State Director

      Gregory B. Talley, Program Manager
      Department of Health
      HRLA/Radiation Protection Division
      899 North Capital Street, NE, 2nd Fl
      Washington, DC 20002
      PH (202)724-8800 FX (202)727-8677
      Greg.Talley@dc.gov

      Florida Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Cynthia Becker, M.P.H., Chief
      Bureau of Radiation Control
      Florida Department of Health
      4052 Bald Cypress Way, SE, Bin C21
      Tallahassee, FL 32399-1741
      PH (850)245-4266 FX (850)487-0435
      cindy_becker@doh.state.fl.us Cynthia Becker, M.P.H., Chief
      Bureau of Radiation Control
      Florida Department of Health
      4052 Bald Cypress Way, SE, Bin C21
      Tallahassee, FL 32399-1741
      PH (850)245-4266 FX (850)487-0435
      cindy_becker@doh.state.fl.us
      Georgia Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer David Crowley, Manager
      Radioactive Materials Program
      Air Protection Branch
      Department of Natural Resources
      4220 International Parkway, Suite 130
      Atlanta, GA 30354
      PH (404)362-2675 FX (404)363-2653
      david.crowley@dnr.state.ga.us Barty Simonton
      Georgia Department of Natural Resources
      Environmental Protection Division
      Environmental Radiation Program
      4220 International Pkwy., Suite 100
      Atlanta, GA 30354
      PH (404)362-2675 FX (404)362-2653
      CELL (404) 473-0287
      barty.simonton@dnr.state.ga.us
      Hawaii Non-Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Jeffrey M. Eckerd, Supervisor
      Radiation Section
      HI Department of Health
      Indoor & Radiological Health Branch
      591 Ala Moana Boulevard, Rm 133
      Honolulu, HI 96813
      PH (808)586-4700 FX (808)586-5838
      jeffrey.eckerd@doh.hawaii.gov Lynn Nakasone, Division Administrator
      Environmental Health Services Division
      Department of Health
      PO Box 3378
      Honolulu, HI 96801
      PH (808)586-4576
      lynn.nakasone@doh.hawaii.gov
      Idaho Non-Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Curt Fransen, Director
      Technical Services Division
      Idaho Dept. of Environmental Quality
      1410 North Hilton
      Boise, ID 83706
      PH (208)373-0240 FX (208)373-0417
      Curt.Fransen@deq.idaho.gov


      Mark Dietrich, Administrator
      Technical Services Division
      1410 North Hilton
      Boise, ID 83706
      PH (208)373-0204 FX (208)373-0143
      mark.detrich@deq.idaho.gov Curt Fransen, Director
      Technical Services Division
      Idaho Dept. of Environmental Quality
      1410 North Hilton
      Boise, ID 83706
      PH (208)373-0240 FX (208)373-0417
      Curt.Fransen@deq.idaho.gov


      Mark Dietrich, Administrator
      Technical Services Division
      1410 North Hilton
      Boise, ID 83706
      PH (208)373-0204 FX (208)373-0143
      mark.detrich@deq.idaho.gov Illinois Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Joseph G. Klinger, Assistant Director
      Illinois Emergency Management Agency
      Division of Nuclear Safety
      2200 S. Dirksen Parkway
      Springfield,IL 62703
      PH (217)785-9868 FX (217)558-7398
      Joe.Klinger@illinois.gov Joseph G. Klinger, Assistant Director
      Illinois Emergency Management Agency
      Division of Nuclear Safety
      2200 S. Dirksen Parkway
      Springfield,IL 62703
      PH (217)785-9868 FX (217)558-7398
      Joe.Klinger@illinois.gov
      Indiana Non-Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Mary Stiker, Radiation Specialist
      Indiana Department of Homeland Security
      Indiana Government Center South
      302 W. Washington Street, Room E208
      Indianapolis, IN 46204-3003
      PH (317)233-7563 FX (317)234-7234
      mstiker@isdh.in.gov Laura Dresen
      Indiana State Department of Homeland Security
      302 W. Washington Street, E-208
      Indianapolis, IN 46204
      PH (317)234-6510
      ldresen@dhs.in.gov

      Iowa Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Angela Leek, Bureau Chief
      Bureau of Radiological Health
      Iowa Department of Public Health
      Lucas Office Bldg., 5th Floor
      321 East 12th Street
      Des Moines, IA 50319
      PH (515)281-3478 FX (515)281-4529
      Angela.leek@dph.iowa.gov Angela Leek, Bureau Chief
      Bureau of Radiological Health
      Iowa Department of Public Health
      Lucas Office Bldg., 5th Floor
      321 East 12th Street
      Des Moines, IA 50319
      PH (515)281-3478 FX (515)281-4529
      Angela.leek@dph.iowa.gov
      Kansas Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Thomas A. Conley, CHP, RRPT, Chief
      Section Chief Radiation and Asbestos Control
      KS Dept of Health & Environment
      1000 SW Jackson, Suite 330
      Topeka, KS 66612-1365
      PH (785)296-1565 FX (785)296-0984
      tconley@kdheks.gov Thomas A. Conley, CHP, RRPT, Chief,
      Section Chief Radiation and Asbestos Control
      KS Dept of Health & Environment
      1000 SW Jackson, Suite 330
      Topeka, KS 66612-1365
      PH (785)296-1565 FX (785)296-0984
      tconley@kdheks.gov
      Kentucky Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Matthew W. McKinley, Administrator
      Cabinet for Health & Family Services
      Radiation Health Branch
      275 East Main Street HS1C-A
      Frankfort, KY 40621-0001
      PH (502)564-3700 ext 4181
      FX (502)564-1492
      MatthewW.Mckinley@ky.gov

      Matthew W. McKinley, Administrator
      Cabinet for Health & Family Services
      Radiation Health Branch
      275 East Main Street HS1C-A
      Frankfort, KY 40621-0001
      PH (502)564-3700 ext 4181
      FX (502)564-1492
      MatthewW.Mckinley@ky.gov

      Louisiana Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Evita Lagard, DIvision Administrator
      Assessment Division - Radiation Section
      Office of Environmental Compliance
      P.O. Box 4312
      Batton Rouge, LA 70821-4312
      PH (225)219-3717 FX (225)219-3310
      Richard Scott Blackwell, Environmental Scientist Supervisor
      LA Department of Environmental Quality
      Emergency & Radiological Services Division
      P.O. Box 4312
      Baton Rouge, LA. 70821-4312
      PH (225) 219-3639 FX (225)219-3154
      richard.blackwell@la.gov
      Maine Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Jay Hyland, Manager
      Radiation Control Program
      Division of Environmental Health
      286 Water St, Key Plaza, 4th Floor, 11SHS
      Augusta, ME 04333-0011
      PH (207)287-5677 FX (207)287-3059
      jay.hyland@Maine.gov Jay Hyland, Manager
      Radiation Control Program
      Division of Environmental Health
      286 Water St, Key Plaza, 4th Floor, 11SHS
      Augusta, ME 04333-0011
      PH (207)287-5677 FX (207)287-3059
      jay.hyland@Maine.gov
      Maryland Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Roland G. Fletcher
      Radiological Health Program
      Air & Radiation Management Adm.
      Maryland Dept of the Environment
      1800 Washington Blvd, Suite 750
      Baltimore, MD 21230-1718
      PH (410)537-3300 FX (410)537-3198
      Roland.Fletcher@maryland.gov Tom Levering, Emergency Response Director
      Maryland Dept of the Environment
      1800 Washington Blvd, Suite 7111
      Baltimore, MD 21230-1720
      PH (410)537-4460, 24 hour (443)721-7891 FX (410)537-3888
      Tom.Levering@maryland.gov
      Massachusetts Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Beverly Anderson, MPH, RS, Interim Director
      Department of Public Health
      Radiation Control Program
      Bureau of Environmental Health
      Schrafft Center, Suite 1M2A
      529 Main Street
      Charlestown, MA 02129
      PH (617)242-3035, x2001 FX (617)242-3457
      beverly.anderson@state.ma.us John Giarrusso, Jr., Planning & Preparedness Division Chief
      Massachusetts Emergency Management Agency
      400 Worcester Road
      Framingham, MA 01702-5399
      PH (508)820-2040 FX (508)820-2049
      John.Giarrusso@state.ma.us
      Michigan Non-Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Bruce A. Matkovich, Manager
      Radiation Safety Section
      Division of Health Facilities & Services
      Bureau of Health Care Services
      MI Dept of Licensing & Regulatory Affairs
      611 West Ottawa
      PO Box 30664
      Lansing, MI 48909
      PH (517)241-1993 FX (517)241-1981
      matkovichb@michigan.gov Ken Yale, Acting Section Chief
      Radiological Protection Section
      Waste and Hazardous Materials Divison
      Michigan Dept. of Environmental Quality
      525 West Allegan Street
      PO Box 30241
      Lansing, MI 48909-7741
      PH (517)241-1278 FX (517)373-4797
      YaleK@michigan.gov
      Minnesota Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Dale Dorschner, Manager
      Indoor Environments and Radiation Section
      Environmental Health Division
      Department of Health
      P.O. Box 64975
      St. Paul, MN 55164-0975
      PH (651)201-4603 FX (651)201-4606
      dale.dorschner@state.mn.us Aggie Leitheiser, Assistant Commissioner
      Minnesota Dept. of Health
      625 N. Robert Street
      P.O. Box 64975
      St.Paul, MN 55164-0975
      PH (651)201-5711 FX (651)201-4986
      aggie.leitheiser@state.mn.us
      Mississippi Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer B.J. Smith, Director
      Division of Radiological Health
      Mississippi State Department of Health
      3150 Lawson Street, P.O. Box 1700
      Jackson, MS 39215-1700
      PH (601)987-6893 FX (601) 987-6887
      bjsmith@msdh.state.ms.us B.J. Smith, Director
      Division of Radiological Health
      Mississippi State Department of Health
      3150 Lawson Street, P.O. Box 1700
      Jackson, MS 39215-1700
      PH (601)987-6893, FX (601)987-6887, Cell (601)813-5787 (24 hrs.)
      bjsmith@msdh.state.ms.us
      Missouri Non-Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer John Langston
      Missouri Radiation Control Program
      Bureau of Ambulatory Care
      Division of Regulation and Licensure
      1617 Southridge, P.O. Box 570
      Jefferson City, MO 65102-0570
      PH (573)751-6083 FX (573)751-6158
      john.langston@health.mo.gov Harry Bozoian, Deputy Director of Policy and General Counsel
      Missouri Department of Natural Resources
      P.O. Box 176
      Jefferson City, MO 65102
      PH (573)751-0323 FX (573)751-7627
      harry.bozoian@dnr.mo.gov
      Montana Non-Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Roy Kemp, Deputy Administrator
      Quality Assurance Division
      Montana Dept of Public Health & Human Services
      2401 Colonial Drive
      P.O. Box 202953
      Helena, MT 59620-2953
      PH (406)444-2868 FX (406)444-3456
      rkemp@mt.gov Ed Tinsley, Administrator
      Montana Disaster and Emergency Services Division
      P. O. Box 4789
      Fort Harrison, MT 59636-4789
      PH (406)324-4777 FX (406)324-4790
      etinsley@mt.gov

      Nebraska Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Julia A. Schmitt, Manager
      NE Dept. of Health & Human Services
      Office of Radiological Health
      301 Centennial Mall South
      P.O. Box 95026
      Lincoln, NE 68509-5026
      PH (402) 471-0528 FX (402) 471-0169
      julia.schmitt@nebraska.gov Mary Sue Semerena, Unit Administrator
      NE Health & Human Services
      Division of Environmental Health
      301 Centennial Mall South
      P.O. Box 95026
      Lincoln, NE 68509-5026
      PH (402) 471-0928 FX (402) 471-0169
      marysue.semerena@nebraska.gov
      Nevada Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Karen Beckley, Manager
      Radiation Control Program
      Division of Public and Behavioral Health
      675 Fairview Drive, Suite 218
      Carson City, NV 89706
      PH (775)687-7540
      FX (775)687-7552
      kbeckley@health.nv.gov Karen Beckley, Manager
      Radiation Control Program
      Division of Public and Behavioral Health
      675 Fairview Drive, Suite 218
      Carson City, NV 89706
      PH (775)687-7540
      FX (775)687-7552
      kbeckley@health.nv.gov
      New Hampshire Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Twila Kenna, Director
      NH Radiological Health Section
      Department of Health and Human Services
      29 Hazen Drive
      Concord, New Hampshire 03301-6504
      PH (603)271-4840 FX (603)225-2325
      tkenna@dhhs.state.nh.us Perry Plummer, Acting Director
      State of NH Homeland Security & Emergency Management
      New Hampshire Dept of Safety
      33 Hazen Drive
      Concord, NH 03305
      PH (603)223-3637 FX (603)271-6336
      perry.plummer@dos.nh.gov
      New Jersey Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Paul Baldauf, Director
      Division of Environmental Safety & Health
      Dept. of Environmental Protection
      P.O. Box 420
      Trenton, NJ 08625-0420
      PH (609)633-7964 FX (609)777-1330
      paul.baldauf@dep.state.nj.us Paul Baldauf, Director
      Division of Environmental Safety & Health
      Dept. of Environmental Protection
      P.O. Box 420
      Trenton, NJ 08625-0420
      PH (609)633-7964 FX (609)777-1330
      paul.baldauf@dep.state.nj.us
      New Mexico Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Michael Ortiz, Bureau Chief
      Radiation Control Bureau
      Environmental Health Division
      Environmental Department
      Marquez Building-Suite 1
      525 Camino de Los Marquez
      Santa Fe, NM 87505
      or
      P.O. Box 5469
      Santa Fe, NM 87502-5469
      PH (505)476-8605 FX (505)476-8654
      michael.ortiz1@state.nm.us Butch Tongate, Deputy Secretary
      New Mexico State Environment Dept.
      1190 St. Francis Drive, Suite 4050N
      Santa Fe, NM 87505
      PH (505)827-2855 FX (505)827-2836
      butch.tongate@state.nm.us
      New York Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Stephen Gavitt, CHP, Director
      Bureau of Environmental Radiation Protection
      Empire State Plaza-Corning Tower-12th Fl.
      Albany, NY 12237
      PH (518)402-7550 FX (518)402-7554
      smg03@health.state.ny.us

      Adela Salame-Alfie, Ph.D, Acting director
      Division of Environmental Health
      Investigations-NYS Health Department
      Empire State Placa-Corning Tower-16th Fl.
      Albany, NY 12237
      PH (518)402-7501
      FX (518)402-7554
      Asa01@health.state.ny.us

      Timothy B. Rice, Chief
      Radiological Sites Section
      Remedial Bureau A
      New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
      625 Broadway, 11th Floor
      Albany, NY 12233-7255
      PH (518)402-8579 FX (518)402-8646
      tbrice@gw.dec.state.ny.us

      Christopher Boyd, Assistant Commissioner
      Bureau of Environmental Sciences and Engineering
      42-09 28th Street, 14th Floor CN#56
      Long Island City, NY 11101
      PH (347)396-6001 FX (347)396-6089
      cboyd@health.nyc.gov

      Francis J. Murray, President and CEO
      New York State Energy Research & Development Authority
      17 Columbus Circle
      Albany, NY 12223-6399
      PH (518)862-1090 ext.3320
      FX (518)862-1091
      fjm@nyserda.ny.gov

      Alyse Peterson, (SLO Designee)
      Sr. Project Manager
      New York State Energy Research & Development Authority
      17 Columbus Circle
      Albany, NY 12223-6399
      PH (518)862-1090 ext.3274
      FX (518)862-1091
      alp@nyserda.ny.gov

      North Carolina Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Lee Cox, Chief
      Radiation Protection Section
      Dept of Health and Human Services
      3825 Barrett Drive
      Raleigh, NC 27609-7221
      PH (919)571-4141 ext. 201
      FX (919)571-4148
      Lee.Cox@dhhs.nc.gov Lee Cox, Chief
      Radiation Protection Section
      Dept of Health and Human Services
      3825 Barrett Drive
      Raleigh, NC 27609-7221
      PH (919)571-4141 ext. 201
      FX (919)571-4148
      Lee.Cox@dhhs.nc.gov
      North Dakota Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Terry L. O'Clair, Director
      North Dakota Dept of Health
      Division of Air Quality, 2nd Floor
      918 East Divide Ave.
      Bismarck, ND 58501-1947
      PH (701)328-5188 FX (701)328-5185
      toclair@nd.gov Terry L. O'Clair, Director
      North Dakota Dept of Health
      Division of Air Quality, 2nd Floor
      918 East Divide Ave.
      Bismarck, ND 58501-1947
      PH (701)328-5188 FX (701)328-5185
      toclair@nd.gov
      Ohio Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Michael Snee
      Bureau of Radiation Protection
      Ohio Department of Health
      246 North High Street
      Columbus, OH 43215
      PH (614)644-2727 FX (614)466-0381
      Michael.snee@odh.ohio.gov Michael Bear, Interim Branch Chief
      Radiological Branch Chief
      Ohio Emergency Management Agency
      2855 West Dublin-Granville Road
      Columbus, OH 43235-2206
      PH (614)799-3687 FX (614)799-5950
      mlbear@dps.state.oh.us
      Oklahoma Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Mike Broderick, Environmental Program Mgr. II
      Radiation Management Section
      OK Dept of Environmental Quality
      P.O. Box 1677
      Oklahoma City, OK 73101-1677
      PH (405)702-5155 FX (405)702-5101
      mike.broderickmassmailing@deq.ok.gov Mike Broderick, Environmental Program Mgr. II
      Radiation Management Section
      OK Dept of Environmental Quality
      P.O. Box 1677
      Oklahoma City, OK 73101-1677
      PH (405)702-5155 FX (405)702-5101
      mike.broderickmassmailing@deq.ok.gov
      Oregon Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer David M. Howe, M.A., Program Director
      Radiation Protection Services
      Oregon Health Services
      Department of Human Services
      800 NE Oregon Street, Suite 640
      Portland, OR 97232-2162
      PH (971)673-0499
      FX (971) 673-0553
      david.m.howe@state.or.us Ken Niles, Administrator
      Nuclear Safety and Energy
      Emergency Preparedness Division
      Oregon Department of Energy
      625 Marion Street NE, Suite 1
      Salem, OR 97301-3742
      PH (503)378-4906
      FX (503)378-6457
      ken.niles@odoe.state.or.us
      Pennsylvania Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer David Allard, CHP, Director
      PA Dept. of Environmental Protection
      Bureau of Radiation Protection
      Rachel Carson State Office Building
      P.O. Box 8469
      Harrisburg, PA 17105-8469
      PH (717)787-2480 FX (717)783-8965
      djallard@pa.gov David Allard, CHP, Director
      PA Dept. of Environmental Protection
      Bureau of Radiation Protection
      Rachel Carson State Office Building
      P.O. Box 8469
      Harrisburg, PA 17105-8469
      PH (717)787-2480 FX (717)783-8965
      djallard@pa.gov
      Puerto Rico Non-Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Raul Hernandez, Director
      Radiological Health Division
      Department of Health
      P.O. Box 70184
      San Juan, PR 00936-8184
      PH (787)765-2929 FX (787)274-6829
      rhernandez@salud.gov.pr Dr. Rosa Pérez-Perdomo
      Secretary of Health
      Department of Health of Puerto Rico
      PO Box 70184
      San Juan PR 00936-8184
      PH (787)274-7629 FX (787)274-3384
      rperez@salud.gov.pr
      Rhode Island Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Raymond Rusin, Director
      RI Department of Health-Radiation Control
      Office of Facilities Regulations
      3 Capitol Hill, Room 306
      Providence, RI 02908
      PH (401)222-4520 FX (401)222-3999
      raymond.rusin@health.ri.gov Paul D'Abbraccio, REP
      Program Manager
      RI Emergency Management Agency
      645 New London Avenue
      Cranston, RI 02920
      PH (401)751-1516 FX (401)751-0310
      pdabbraccio@doa.ri.gov
      South Carolina Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Aaron A. Gantt, Chief
      Dept of Health & Environmental Control
      Bureau of Radiological Health
      2600 Bull Street
      Columbia, SC 29201
      PH (803)545-4420
      FX (803)545-4412
      ganttaa@dhec.sc.gov

      Susan Jenkins, Assistant Director
      Dept of Health & Environmental Control
      Bureau of Land and Waste Management
      Division of Waste Management
      2600 Bull Street
      Columbia, SC 29201
      PH (803)896-4271 FX (803)896-4242
      jenkinse@dhec.sc.gov

      South Dakota Non-Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Vickee Anderson, Interim Program Director
      Office of Health Care Facilities
      Licensure & Certification
      Systems Development & Regulations
      615 East 4th Street
      Pierre, SD 57501-1700
      PH (605)773-7215
      vickee.anderson@state.sd.us Rick Lancaster
      Dept of Environment & Natural Resources
      523 East Capital Avenue
      Pierre, SD 57501
      PH (605)773-3296 FX (605)773-6035
      rick.lancaster@state.sd.us
      Tennessee Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Debra Shults, Director
      Division of Radiological Health
      TN Dept of Environment & Conservation
      William R. Snodcrass Tennessee Tower-15th Floor
      312 Rosa L. Parks Avenue
      Nashville, TN 37243
      PH (615)532-0364 FX (615)532-0614
      debra.shults@tn.gov Debra Shults, Director
      Division of Radiological Health
      TN Dept of Environment & Conservation
      William R. Snodcrass Tennessee Tower-15th Floor
      312 Rosa L. Parks Avenue
      Nashville, TN 37243
      PH (615)532-0364 FX (615)532-0614
      debra.shults@tn.gov
      Texas Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Richard A. Ratliff, P.E., L.M.P., Director
      Radiation Safety Licensing Branch Manager
      Division for Regulatory Services
      TX Dept. of State Health Services
      P.O. Box 149347-Mail Code 2835
      Austin, TX 78714-9347
      PH (512)834-6679 FX (512)834-6716
      richard.ratliff@dshs.state.tx.us

      Charles Maguire
      Director
      Radiation Materials Division, MC 233
      Texas Commission on Environmental Quality
      P.O. Box 13087
      Austin, TX 78711-3087
      PH (512)239-6731 FX (512)239-6466
      charles.maguire@tceq.texas.gov

      Roger Mulder, Director
      State Energy Conservation Office
      Comptroller of Public Accounts
      P.O. Box 13528
      Austin, TX 78701-3528
      PH (512)463-1866 FX (512)463-2569
      roger.mulder@cpa.state.tx.us
      Utah Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Rusty Lundberg, Director
      Division of Radiation Control
      Dept. of Environmental Quality
      195 North 1950 West
      P.O. Box 14485
      Salt Lake City, UT 84114-4850
      PH (801)536-4257 FX (801)533-4097
      rlundberg@utah.gov Rusty Lundberg, Director
      Division of Radiation Control
      Dept. of Environmental Quality
      195 North 1950 West
      P.O. Box 14485
      Salt Lake City, UT 84114-4850
      PH (801)536-4257 FX (801)533-4097
      rlundberg@utah.gov
      Vermont Non-Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer William Irwin II, SC.D, CHP
      Radiological Health Chief
      VT Department of Health
      108 Cherry Street
      P.O. Box 70, Drawer #43
      Burlington, VT 05402-0070
      PH (802)865-7730 FX (802)865-7745
      william.irwin@state.vt.us Christopher Recchia, Commissioner
      Vermont Dept. of Public Service
      112 State Street
      Montpelier, VT 05620-2601
      PH (802)828-2321 FX (802)828-2342
      chris.recchia@state.vt.us

      Uldis Vanags, (SLO Designee), State Nuclear Engineer
      Vermont Department of Public Service
      112 State Street
      Montpelier, VT 05620-2601
      PH (802)828-1784 FX (802)828-2342
      Uldis.vanags@state.vt.us

      Virginia Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Steve A. Harrison, Director
      Division of Radiological Health
      Department of Health-James Madison Bldg.
      109 Governor Street, Rm 736
      Richmond, VA 23219
      PH (804)864-8151 FX (804)864-8155
      steve.harrison@vdh.virginia.gov Michael M. Cline, State Coordinator
      Virginia Dept of Emergency Management
      10501 Trade Court
      Richmond, VA 23236-3713
      PH (804)897-6501
      FX (804)897-6506
      michael.cline@vdem.virginia.gov
      Washington Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer David Jansen, P.E., Director
      Office of Radiation Protection
      Washington Department of Health
      P.O. Box 47280
      Olympia, WA 98504-7820
      PH (360)236-3210 FX (360)236-2250
      David.Jansen@doh.wa.gov Maryanne Guichard, Assistant Secretary
      Division of Environmental Public Health
      Department of Health
      P.O. Box 47280
      Olympia, WA 98504-7820
      PH (360)236-3050 FX (360)236-2250
      maryanne.guichard@doh.wa.gov
      West Virginia Non-Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Tony Turner, Director
      Radiation, Toxics and Indoor Air Div.
      Office of Environmental Health Services
      350 Capitol Street, Room 313
      Charleston, WV 25301-1798
      PH (304)356-4273 FX (304)558-1289
      tony.turner@wv.gov Tony Turner, Director
      Radiation, Toxics and Indoor Air Div.
      Office of Environmental Health Services
      350 Capitol Street, Room 313
      Charleston, WV 25301-1798
      PH (304)356-4273 FX (304)558-1289
      tony.turner@wv.gov
      Wisconsin Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Paul Schmidt, Manager
      Radiation Protection Section
      Division of Public Health
      Dept of Health Services
      P.O. Box 2659
      Madison, WI 53701-2659
      PH (608)267-4792 FX (608)267-3695
      paul.schmidt@wisconsin.gov Paul Schmidt, Manager
      Radiation Protection Section
      Division of Public Health
      Dept of Health Services
      P.O. Box 2659
      Madison, WI 53701-2659
      PH (608)267-4792 FX (608)267-3695
      paul.schmidt@wisconsin.gov
      Wyoming Non-Agreement State Director State Liaison Officer Scott Ramsay
      Radiological Services Manager
      5500 Bishop Blvd.
      Cheyenne, WY 82002
      PH (307)777-7753 FX (307)777-4955
      scott.ramsay@wyo.gov Guy Cameron, Director
      WY Office of Homeland Security
      5500 Bishop Blvd.
      Cheyenne, WY 82002
      PH (307)777-8511 FX (307)635-6017
      guy.cameron@wyo.gov

      LIST OF AGREEMENT STATES
      January 2012

      "Agreement States" are those states that have signed a formal agreement with the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) pursuant to Section 274 of the Atomic Energy Act. Under this agreement the NRC has relinquished regulatory control over certain by-product, source and special nuclear material uses in the state. NRC periodically assesses the compatibility and adequacy of the state's program for consistency with the national materials program for Atomic Energy Act radioactive material. List of current agreement states and their date of agreement are shown below:

      State

      Date of Agreement

      Alabama

      10/01/66

      Arizona

      05/15/67

      Arkansas

      07/01/63

      California

      09/01/62

      Colorado

      02/01/68

      Florida

      07/01/64

      Georgia

      12/15/69

      Illinois

      06/01/87

      Iowa

      01/01/86

      Kansas

      01/01/65

      Kentucky

      03/26/62

      Louisiana

      05/01/67

      Maine

      04/01/92

      Maryland

      01/01/71

      Massachusetts

      03/21/97

      Minnesota

      03/31/06

      Mississippi

      07/01/62

      Nebraska

      10/01/66

      Nevada

      07/01/72

      New Hampshire

      05/16/65

      New Jersey

      09/30/09

      New Mexico

      05/01/74

      New York

      10/15/62

      North Carolina

      08/01/64

      North Dakota

      09/01/69

      Ohio

      08/31/99

      Oklahoma

      09/29/00

      Oregon

      07/01/65

      Pennsylvania

      03/31/08

      Rhode Island

      01/01/80

      South Carolina

      09/15/69

      Tennessee

      09/01/65

      Texas

      03/01/63

      Utah

      04/01/84

      Virginia

      03/31/09

      Washington

      12/31/66

      Wisconsin

      08/11/03


  •   Tritium   News

    • Teen takes apart sign at home

      Jill Lipoti, New Jersey Department of Environment

      An incident in New Jersey demonstrates the consequences of improper management of a tritium sign. In New Jersey we had an incident where a 16 year old boy picked up a discarded tritium exit sign, took it back to his room and took it apart with a screwdriver while he was eating sunflower seeds. He ingested the tritium because when you break the vials, it releases tritium into the air. The tritium will glom on to anything that moisture will be attracted to, so he ingested tritium. The child managed to call the poison control center and get us involved right away. But his room had to be decontaminated, he had to be decontaminated, his family had to be put up at a hotel while all of this was going on. The cost to the state, which was paid for by the New Jersey spill fund, was over $100,000 and interestingly the child, the 16 year old, through drinking lots of fluids, was able to keep his dose to about 80 mrem. But still imagine this, this one exit sign, and one kid and he managed to contaminate himself and his house.

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      Leachate Groundwater Contamination

      Sampled leachate containing slightly elevated tritium levels indicates that tritium EXIT signs have been, and continue to be, disposed in landfills.

      In 2004, the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental sampled the leachate in 54 landfills for the presence of radiactive material. The initial analysis showed that tritium was the most prevalent radionuclide present in leachate from sampled landfills. Although tritium is naturally present in the environment, most of the observed leachate tritium concentrations exceeded typical enviromental concentrations. In fact, 53 percent of the sample results exceeded 20,000 pCi/L, the EPA limit for tritium drinking water supplies. However, when one considers the treatment and discharge processes leachate actually undergo, the dilution is factored into a human exposure scenario, none of the tritium results exceed the Commonwealth's tritium standards.

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      Warning Label alerts resale-store workers to close call

      Cheryl Rogers, Radiation Protection Section, Wisconsin Department of Health and Family Services

      Sometimes the States or Federal agencies get a call requesting assistance before the situation has resulted in an expensive clean-up. There was an instance where a tritium sign ended up at one of those used clothing type places and they were actually trying to take it apart because they wanted to save the good metal or whatever. And then the person got nervous I guess cause there is a little label on the sign. So he did see the little label and again called the NRC. Tried to call anonymously but it was kind of obvious who it was when we showed up at the store. And anyway that one had a happy ending too because the tube containing the tritium wasn’t broken. ...But that’s the main problem, sometimes people try to take them apart and that can cause problems if you break the tube with the tritium in it.

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